charisma

charisma
1. This is originally a Greek word meaning ‘gift of grace’. It acquired its current meaning ‘a gift or power of leadership or authority’ when the sociologist Max Weber used it in this way (in German) in 1922. It has been used widely in association with major political figures, including J. F. Kennedy, Mikhail Gorbachev, and Nelson Mandela, and is now used as a synonym for ‘influence’ or ‘authority’ or even ‘attraction’ or ‘charm’ in various contexts, impersonal as well as personal:

• Spacecraft sent there in recent years have dispelled legends and added reams of sound, ordered data, yet the charisma of Mars remains —San Francisco Examiner, 1976

• She presents well, has charm, charisma and vitality, but comes across as severely intellectual —Business, 1991.

2. The adjective charismatic, in addition to its religious meanings (as in the charismatic movement), has developed in line with charisma and can be used of a person, an achievement such as performance, or an abstraction such as leadership, personality, presence, or quality. There is also an adverb charismatically:

• He had a charismatic quality about him that had long made him one of Europe's most eligible bachelors —A. MacNeill, 1989

• She blossomed from a precocious teenager…into a charismatically attractive woman with towering talent. —S. Stone, 1989.


Modern English usage. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charisma — Charisma …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Charisma — Sn besondere Ausstrahlung erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus spl. charisma Geschenk, Gnadengabe , dieses aus ntl. gr. chárisma Geschenk, (göttliche) Gnadengabe , zu gr. charízesthai schenken , zu gr. cháris f. Gunst,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Charisma — Charisma: Das Fremdwort ist seit dem 18. Jh. belegt. Es stammt ab von griech. chárisma »Gnadengabe«, zum Verb charízesthai »gefällig sein, gerne geben«. Ins Dt. ist es über die Vermittlung von vlat. charisma »Geschenk« gelangt. Zunächst wurde es… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • charismă — charísmă s. f., g. d. art. charísmei Trimis de siveco, 04.12.2008. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  CHARÍSMĂ s. f. v. carismă. Trimis de claudia, 17.06.2008. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • charisma — [kar′iz΄əmkə riz′mə] n. pl. charismata [kə riz′mə tə] [Gr(Ec), gift of God s grace < Gr, favor, grace < charizesthai, to show favor to < charis, grace, beauty, kindness < chairein, to rejoice at < IE base * ĝher , to desire, like… …   English World dictionary

  • Charisma — (griech.), Gabe, Gnadengeschenk, Geistesgabe, ein paulinischer Begriff. Charismatische Organisation, Name für die ursprüngliche christliche Gesellschaftsverfassung, weil darin statt geordneter Ämter die individuelle Begabung Kultus und Verfassung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Charisma — Charisma,das:⇨Ausstrahlung(1) …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • charisma — (n.) gift of leadership, power of authority, c.1930, from German, used in this sense by Max Weber (1864 1920) in Wirtschaft u. Gesellschaft (1922), from Gk. kharisma favor, divine gift, from kharizesthai to show favor to, from kharis grace,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • charisma — [n] great personal charm allure, animal magnetism*, appeal, dazzle, drawing power, fascination, flash, glamour, it*, magnetism, pizzazz*, something*, star quality, witchcraft, witchery; concept 411 …   New thesaurus

  • charisma — ► NOUN 1) compelling attractiveness or charm. 2) (pl. charismata) Christian Theology a divinely conferred talent. ORIGIN Greek kharisma, from kharis favour, grace …   English terms dictionary

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